Farmer Dependency

Once a farmer has switched to GMO or is contaminated by neighbouring fields, it is almost impossible to switch back to Non-GMO practices.

Patent on Seeds
Since GMO companies own the intellectual property right on their modifications, farmers have to purchase the products annually, requiring annual investment and leading to high financial risks in case of low harvest years. In several sold seed types, the genes responsible for reproduction are even switched off.
 

malatya haber malatya haber malatya haber malatya haber malatya haber haber malatya Pesticides
Although in the first years of GMO usage the demand for pesticides decreased, the widespread resistance against herbicides has caused major increases in pesticide applications at a later stage. Thus, GMO customers become even more dependent on the companies’ products.

  • “Yet independent studies have demonstrated not only that these pesticide reduction claims are unfounded, but that GM crops have substantially increased pesticide use, particularly since 1999. Dr. Benbrook conducted an exhaustive analysis of USDA data on pesticide use in agriculture from 1996 to 2004. His conclusion was that over this nine-year period, the adoption of GM soy, corn, and cotton has led to the use of 122 million more lbs of pesticides than would have been applied if these GM crops had not been introduced.”

Pesticide Resistance
Legal Issues
As highlighted by the prominent case of Percy Schmeiser (see David vs. Monsato Film) GMO companies have been known to sue farmers that have minor unintended traces of their products on their fields. Due to companies’ strong juristic power, farmers are completely defenseless against their claims.
 

Destroyed Livelihoods
After the opening of the Indian economy to GMO, farmer suicides increased tremendously because they collapsed under the financial burden that the AgroIndustry laid on them. Vandana Shiva explains:

  • The region in India with the highest level of farmers’ suicides is the Vidharbha region in Maharashtra -- 4000 suicides per year, 10 per day. This is also the region with the highest acreage of Monsanto's GMO Bt cotton. Monsanto's GM seeds create a suicide economy by transforming seed from a renewable resource to a non-renewable input which must be bought every year at high prices. Cotton seed used to cost Rs 7/kg. Bt-cotton seeds were sold at Rs 17,000/kg.  Indigenous cotton varieties can be intercropped with food crops. Bt-cotton can only be grown as a monoculture. Indigenous cotton is rain fed. Bt-cotton needs irrigation. Indigenous varieties are pest resistant. Bt-cotton, even though promoted as resistant to the boll worm, has created new pests, and to control these new pests, farmers are using 13 times more pesticides then they were using prior to introduction of Bt-cotton. And finally, Monsanto sells its GMO seeds on fraudulent claims of yields of 1500/kg/year when farmers harvest 300-400 kg/year on an average. High costs and unreliable output make for a debt trap, and a suicide economy.”(read here)